Scaling up biomass: focus on Southeast Asia

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Introduction

As one of the fastest growing regions in the world in terms of gross domestic product
(GDP), population, and demand for both food and energy, Southeast Asia has a strong
need to decarbonise its economies and modernise its energy systems. In 2018, around 75%
of primary energy demand in the region was met by fossil fuels such as oil, coal and gas.
Many key economic activities depend on fossil fuels for heat, which makes substitution
with established forms of renewable energy such as hydro, solar or wind challenging.
Bioenergy is the most versatile form of renewable energy derived from forestry and
agricultural products including residues and wastes.
IRENA’s Global Renewables Outlook: Energy Transformation 2050 (IRENA, 2020a)
reported that bioenergy could become the largest energy source in the total energy
mix in Southeast Asia, accounting for over 40% of total primary energy supply (TPES)
in 2050 under its Transforming Energy Scenario (TES), which is consistent with the Paris
Agreement’s goal of restricting global temperature rises to well below 2°C. In this scenario,
the majority of the biomass would be used in the industry (40% of total bioenergy supply)
and transport sectors (37% of total bioenergy supply).
This report investigates the potential for bioenergy to economically replace a portion
of fossil fuel use in the energy markets of five Southeast Asian countries. It outlines
the need for a robust bioenergy transformation plan to reduce dependency on fossil
fuels, strengthen national resilience and enhance energy security. The key barriers and
interventions identified in this study may therefore serve as a guide for the policy actions
required to develop such a plan.

 

 

No Fuel Is Ever the Same / Episode 6: sunflower husks

Combustion properties of each fuel are different, depending on the specific sample characteristics.

Even within the same fuel type, differences are found in the predicted combustion behaviour.

The “No fuel is ever the Same” Serie is a set of posts focussing specific fuels, selected within the interesting AgroBioHeat EU project.

The ash behaviour is evaluated with the BIOFACT Fuel App, an online tool for qualitative fuels screening. The AgroBioHeat Factsheet for the specific fuel type is also reported for your information.

Episode 6: sunflower shells

Sunflower shells sample 1

Sunflower shells sample 2

The BIOFACT Fuel App is a tool validated against pilot and real scale tests, contact us for further information.

Factsheet courtesy: agrobioheat.eu. The nice factsheets can be downloaded from https://agrobioheat.eu/agrobiomass-factsheets/.

 

No Fuel Is Ever the Same / Episode 5: Nut shells

Combustion properties of each fuel are different, depending on the specific sample characteristics.

Even within the same fuel type, differences are found in the predicted combustion behaviour.

The “No fuel is ever the Same” Serie is a set of posts focussing specific fuels, selected within the interesting AgroBioHeat EU project.

The ash behaviour is evaluated with the BIOFACT Fuel App, an online tool for qualitative fuels screening. The AgroBioHeat Factsheet for the specific fuel type is also reported for your information.

Episode 5: Nut shells

Nut shells sample 1

Nut shells sample 2

The BIOFACT Fuel App is a tool validated against pilot and real scale tests, contact us for further information.

Factsheet courtesy: agrobioheat.eu. The nice factsheets can be downloaded from https://agrobioheat.eu/agrobiomass-factsheets/.

 

Where will the dispatchable power come from, after the coal phase-out?

Where will the dispatchable power come from, after the coal phase-out?

  • Conventional -> Natural gas.
  • Storage -> Pumped storage hydro; Battery storage.
  • Renewables -> Biomass, biogas, green gases (H2, CH4, etc.).

What about the coal phase out in the EU, from the regulator perspectives (data and animation courtesy of Climate Analytics)?

Detail for Italy (example)

Unit Name Opening year Closing year Regulator Closing year Market
Italy Brindisi Nord power station Unit 3 1979 2024 2020
Italy Brindisi Nord power station Unit 4 1979 2024 2020
Italy Pietro Vannucci power station Unit 1 1989 2024 2020
Italy Pietro Vannucci power station Unit 2 1990 2025 2020
Italy Andrea Palladio power station Unit 3 1974 2025 2025
Italy Andrea Palladio power station Unit 4 1974 2025 2025
Italy Sulcis power station Unit 3 1986 2026 2028
Italy Fiume Santo power station Unit 1 1992 2026 2028
Italy Fiume Santo power station Unit 2 1993 2026 2028
Italy Sulcis power station Unit 2 2005 2026 2028
Italy Porto Marghera Alsar power station Unit 1 1977 2027 2020
Italy Palermo (B) 2004 2027 2020
Italy Brescia 3 1988 2027 2028
Italy Brindisi Sud power station Unit 1 1991 2028 2028
Italy Brindisi Sud power station Unit 2 1992 2028 2028
Italy Brindisi Sud power station Unit 3 1992 2028 2028
Italy Brindisi Sud power station Unit 4 1993 2028 2028
Italy Torrevaldaliga Nord power station Unit 1 2009 2029 2020
Italy Torrevaldaliga Nord power station Unit 2 2010 2030 2028
Italy Torrevaldaliga Nord power station Unit 3 2010 2030 2029